In 2 caves in La Rocca there are found traces of presence of humans dated 7000 years BC. Otherwise, it is on top of the cliff there are found heritage from
the 9th century: the temple of Diana from before the Greek period. In the town you can still see the old town-wall which was finished 500 years BC.
That was under the domination of the Greek people which was a golden and properous period for Cefalù
Later, in 396 BC during the Punic wars the citizins of Cefalù allied themselves with the Cartesian general Imilcone. But in 307 BC the town
was conquered by people from Siracusa. In 254 BC arrived the Romans and they made the structur of the streets in the historic centre we can se today.
After the defeat of the Romans came the Byzantines who constructed the fortification on top of La Rocca. In 858 the Saracens took over the town and
Cefalù now belonged to the emir in Palermo.
In 1063 became Cefalù a part of the county of the Norman count Ruggero I. The son, Ruggero II who became the first Norman king of Sicily, built the
cathedral also as a fortification. The mythe says that in a storm Ruggero II was in great danger at sea close to Cefalù and he promised God, that if
God would spare him the life, he, ruggero, would build a church. The king survived and the church was finished in 1131. Ruggero was very fond of
Cefalù and the inhabitants and he build quite a few monuments in the town.
The successors to Ruggero didnapost have a lot of interest for Cefalù and the town became a part of different feudal dominion. In 15th-16th century
it was the Ventimiglia-family from Castelbuono.
Under the reign of the Spanish viceroys the condition became more stabil and in 1742 France, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands established
consulats in the town.
There are many monuments and buildings of great interest in Cefalù such as the cathedral decorated with a beautiful mosaic made by the same
artist who decorated the cathedral in Monreale close to Palermo. As many other buildings from the Norman period Arabic, Greek and Norman styles are blended in
a most harmonious way. Down from the cathedral in Cefalù is the big central square - a lovely place. There are many other churches and the town-wall
following the street in a circle around the historic town centre.
Going downstairs in the middle of Via Vittorio Emmanuale you find a medieval washing post where the wifes of the town as well as washing clothes also planned the
future for their sons and daughters arranging weddings - so they say! The washing post was still in use just a few decades ago.